EVALUATION OF THE INTEGRAL MANAGEMENT OF THE MANAGEMENT OF USED OIL IN VEHICULAR BOGOTA

Imagen de portada
Autor(es): Oscar Leonardo Ortiz Medina

Resumen


In Colombia are generated each year approximately 1.2 million barrels of oil used1 motor oil (vehicular), of which it has been estimated a potential recovery close to the 420,000 barrels. Approximately 540 BPD (barrels per day) are incorporated in the fuel market, particularly in furnaces and boilers of small- and medium-sized industries, such as workshops of casting, metal fabrication workshops, small chircales, textile mills, steel small, garment factories and in the services sector especially in the laundries, however23 due to lack of knowledge of technical procedures for its adaptation, due to the absence of technical norms and specific to your industrial reuse, by the lack of consumption standards in boilers, furnaces and dryers and by the black market existing with these products, it is presumed that the managements given to waste oils and in general to this type of alternative energy, is inadequate.

This led to raise the need to perform a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the various activities involved in the commercial chain of this residue (generation, storage, mixing, collection, transportation and final disposal), throwing as a result the manual for the management of waste oils dictated by the environmental authorities in this case the Administrative Department of the Environment LADY4 for Bogota and the Autonomous Regional Corporation of Cundinamarca CAR, with the purpose of implementing plans and programs aimed at achieving an appropriate handling, collection, transportation and use of this residue and by the generation of a formal market you to delete your character of hazardous waste, encouraging the participation of different actors for their recovery, Collection and treatment.

This involves the manual steps to take in the commercial chain for both hoarders, transporters and processors and/or processors, however the illegal market continues the largest share of this volume of used oil, which does not receive prior treatment in appropriate facilities and is used directly for combustion furnaces and boilers, in addition to presenting a great disorder of fuels without any control, generating another alternative of illegality as is the mixture of new and used oils for reuse by the fleet.

Referencias


BENAVENTE R, Gonzalo. Lubricating oil used. Bravo Energy Chile S.A. Bulletin No. 2. June 1999. 127P

BOUGHTON, Bob and Arpad Horvath. Environmental Assessment of used oil Management Methods. In: Environmental science & technology. Vol. 38, No. 2 (2004); p. 353-358.

CORPORACIÓN REGIONAL AUTONOMOUS CAR alternatives for the treatment and final disposal of sludge from municipal slaughterhouses - service stations - drinking water treatment plants and water treatment systems to domestic residual level of small communities, Subdirectorate for control and environmental quality - Division of environmental quality, 2,003 . 86 P.

TECHNICAL ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT (LADY), Terms of reference for the application of environmental license for transformation projects, refining and processing of waste oils.

ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT LADY, Manual of rules and procedures for the management of waste oils, Subdirectorate of waste, Bogotá D. C, 2,003 . 78 P.

ENVIRONNEMENT INC. AND LUPIEN ROSENBERG ET Associés LTDA, "Study on the management of waste oils in Colombia, made for cities of Bogota, Medellin, Cali Barranquilla GSI" 1999.

FLÓREZ PIEDRAHITA, Carlos Arturo. Transformation of waste oils for use as energy in combustion processes. In: scenarios and strategies. Bogota. December 2001 No 8. p. 28 - 32.

REPORT OCADE SANIPLAN, waste oils Bogota, Cali and Barranquilla Environnement inc and Lupien Rosenberg et Associés Ltda. 1,999 -2,001 , 121p

MUR Lacambra, Jesus, the regeneration of waste oils. Market analysis and promotion policies. Fifth meeting of Environmental Economics, SPAIN.

OJEDA Burbano, Eduardo OR - Sanitary Engineer / existing technologies and developed in Colombia for the handling of waste: batteries, lubricants, batteries and pesticide containers. 86P. 1,999

YACUZZI, Enrique. The case study as a research methodology. Theory, causal mechanisms, validation (CEMA University)